Tao Te Ching

The Power of Goodness, the Wisdom Beyond Words
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Eras

The two main influences on our lives seem to be genetics and culture. Our biological inheritance influences our feelings, emotions, and personal way of experiencing reality; the cultural influence from our civilization's era influence our attitudes toward religion, politics, relationships, livelihood, and all of external reality. Though most of the true heroes and heroines of history earned their place in our various lineages by transcending these two influences and shifting their directions; the impact of these two forces was no less powerful for them than for us today.

The much longer column of eastern eras results from mainly the earlier invention of the printing press in China, more extensive records, and as Will Durant said, "The most respectable form of literature in China is history; and of all the accepted forms it is also the most popular. No other nation has had so many historians, certainly no other nation has written such extensive histories."

Transitions in Western Civilization

Sumerian (Mesopotamia) Civilization
4400 – 3100 BCE (1 Sages)

Egyptian Civilization
3150 – 305 BCE (83 Sages)

Babylonian Civilization
1895 – 619 BCE (22 Sages)

Greek Civilization
480 – 146 BCE (48 Sages)

Roman Civilization
100 BCE – 395 CE (35 Sages)

Early Middle Ages
566 – 1095 CE (120 Sages)

High Middle Ages
1095 – 1304 CE (63 Sages)

Renaissance
1304 – 1576 CE (65 Sages)

The Age of Reason: The Enlightenment
1620 – 1800 CE (82 Sages)

Romantacism
1800 – 1850 CE (79 Sages)

Post-Romantic Age
1850 – 2018 CE (295 Sages)

Gilded Age
1860 – 1900 CE (145 Sages)

Greatest Generation
1930 – 1946 CE (205 Sages)

Transitions in Chinese Civilization

Xia Dynasty 夏
2100 – 1600 BCE (4 Sages)

Shang Dynasty 殷代
1600 – 1046 BCE (6 Sages)

Western Zhou 西周
1046 – 771 BCE (7 Sages)

Eastern Zhou 東周
770 – 256 BCE (62 Sages)

Spring and Autumn period 春秋时代
770 – 476 BCE (32 Sages)

Warring States period 春秋时代
476 – 221 BCE (45 Sages)

Qin Dynasty 秦朝
221 – 206 BCE (4 Sages)

Western Han
206 BCE – 9 CE (20 Sages)

Xin 新朝
9 – 23 CE (7 Sages)

Eastern Han 漢朝
25 – 220 CE (15 Sages)

Three Kingdoms 三國時代
220 – 280 CE (5 Sages)

Jin Dynasty 晉朝
265 – 420 CE (12 Sages)

Southern and Northern 南北朝
420 – 589 CE (13 Sages)

Sui 隋朝
581 – 618 CE (8 Sages)

Tang Dynasty 唐朝
618 – 907 CE (80 Sages)

5 Dynasties 10 Kingdoms
907 – 960 CE (18 Sages)

Liao dynasty
907 – 1125 CE (59 Sages)

5 Kingdom of Dali 大理国
937 – 1253 CE (81 Sages)

Northern Song
960 – 1127 CE (57 Sages)

Western Xia 西夏
1038 – 1227 CE (66 Sages)

Jin dynasty
1115 – 1234 CE (47 Sages)

Western Liao
1124 – 1218 CE (43 Sages)

Southern Song
1127 – 1279 CE (51 Sages)

Yuan Dynasty 元朝
1271 – 1368 CE (34 Sages)

Ming dynasty
1368 – 1644 CE (73 Sages)

Qing dynasty
1644 – 1912 CE (235 Sages)

World Population Growth

10,000 BCE 1 million
1500 38 million
1000 50
500 BCE 100 million
1 CE 200 million
1000 CE 275 million
1500 450 million
1650 500 million
1750 700 million
1804 1 billion
1850 1.2 billion
1900 1.6 billion
1927 2 billion
1950 2.55 billion
1960 3 billion
1965 3.3 billion
1970 3.7 billion
1975 4 billion
1980 4.5 billion
1985 4.85 billion
1990 5.3 billion
1995 5.7 billion
1999 6 billion
2006 6.5 billion
2009 6.8 billion
2011 7 billion
2016 7.4 billion
2025 8.08 billion
2045 9.3 billion
2085 10.6 billion
2100 10.85

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