Tao Te Ching

The Power of Goodness, the Wisdom Beyond Words
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Illusion

As Pascal wrote, “Human life is only an endless illusion. Men deceive and flatter each other. No one speaks of us in our presence as he does when we are gone. Society is based on mutual hypocrisy.” Most of us have illusions that we’re far better and more capable than reality suggests. We genetically believe that our tribe, our group, our political party is much better and worthy then is actually the case. This same dynamic projected onto a political campaign led millions and millions of people to believe that a decadent, playboy, reality TV star could run a country. Hopefully, seeing this president crash down in flames of incompetence, decadence, and duplicity will also lead his followers to a deeper, psychological seeing through of this widespread hubris, the fantasy that they and the world are what they want to believe rather than who and what they really are. To bracket this thought with another Pascal quote, “Once your soul has been enlarged by a truth, it can never return to its original size.”

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Quotes (67)

“He could not look farther than the moment… He met the event as it came and so events buffeted him and blew him about”

Lavinia 12th C. BCE
Prophetess and co-foundrer of the Roman Empire

Themes: Illusion Failure

“Blessed are the man and the woman who have grown beyond their greed and have put an end to their hatred and no longer nourish illusions.”

King David 1000 – 920 BCE via Stephen Mitchell
"The baffled king composing Hallelujah!"
from Book of Psalms

Themes: Greed Illusion

“Gods manifest themselves in many forms,
Bring many matters to surprising ends;
The things we thought would happen do not;
The unexpected occurs.”

Euripides 480 – 406 BCE via Philip Vellacott, Shan Dao
Ancient humanitarian influence continuing today
from Bacchae Βάκχαι

Themes: God Illusion

“Having the Buddha-Eye means perceiving that there is nothing to perceive, that perceiving as though an objective existence only creates illusion.”

Hui Hai 大珠慧海 788 – 831 CE via John Blofeld, Shan Dao
from Essential Gate for Entry Into Sudden Enlightenment (Tun-wu ju dao yao-men)

Themes: Illusion

“Everything we do is a passing show… an insubstantial, hollow illusion.”

Jālandhara ཛཱ་ལནྡྷ་ར་པ། 888 CE –
("The Ḍākinī's Chosen One")
Mahasiddha #46

Themes: Illusion

“become a child of illusion.”

Atisha ཨ་ཏི་ཤ་མར་མེ་མཛད་དཔལ་ཡེ་ཤེས་ 980 – 1054 CE via Chögyam Trungpa
(Atiśa Dīpaṃkara Śrījñāna)
from Seven Points of Mind Training, Lojong བློ་སྦྱོངས་དོན་བདུན་མ;

Themes: Illusion

12. This Over That

“Man is wise only while in search of wisdom; when he imagines he has attained it, he is a fool.”

Solomon ibn Gabirol שלמה בן יהודה אבן גבירול 1021 – 1070 CE via Ascher
(Avicebron)
from Choice of Pearls

Themes: Wisdom Illusion

65. Simplicity: the Hidden Power of Goodness

“Thickly o'er the jasper terrace flower shadows play;
In vain I call my garden boy to sweep them all away.
They vanish when the sun sets in the west, but very soon
They spring to giddy life again beneath the rising moon.”

Su Shi 苏轼 1037 – 1101 CE via Flower Shadows (tr: Herbert A. Giles)
(Dongpo, Su Tungpo)
"pre-eminent personality of 11th century China"

Themes: Illusion

“For in and out, above, about, below,
’Tis nothing but a Magic Shadow-show,
Round which we Phantom Figures come and go.”

Omar Khayyám 1048 – 1131 CE
Persian Astronomer-Poet, prophet of the here and now

from Rubaiyat

Themes: Illusion Magic

“The monkey grabs at the reflection in the moon.”

Hóngzhì Zhēngjué 宏智正覺 1091 – 1157 CE
(Shōgaku)
from Book of Equanimity

Themes: Moon Illusion

“Where there is reality in illusion,there is illusion in reality.”

Sun Bu'er 1119 – 1182 CE via Thomas Cleary
from Secret Book on the Inner Elixir

Themes: Reality Illusion

“Desiring external things harms our bodies. Sages… choose internal reality over external illusion.”

Wu Cheng 吴澄 1249 – 1333 CE
"Mr. Grass Hut"
from Tao-te-chen-ching-chu

Themes: Reality Illusion

12. This Over That

“The thought of death prevents us from losing ourselves in the illusions that constantly surround us, brings us back to our true selves, and reminds us of the importance of this very moment.”

Longchenpa ཀློང་ཆེན་རབ་འབྱམས་པ། 1308 – 1364 CE via Herbert V. Guenther, Shan Dao
(Longchen Rabjampa, Drimé Özer)
from Kindly Bent to Ease Us, Trilogy of Finding Comfort and Ease ངལ་གསོ་སྐོར་གསུམ་

Themes: Illusion

“And what is all this life but a kind of comedy, wherein men walk up and down in one another's disguises and act their respective parts… Thus are all things represented by counterfeit, and yet without this there is no living.”

Erasmus 1466 – 1536 CE
(Desiderius Roterodamus)
"Greatest scholar of the northern Renaissance"
from Praise of Folly

“The majority of mankind are satisfied with appearances, as though they were realities, and are often more influenced by the things that seem than by those that are.”

Machiavelli 1469 – 1527 CE
(Niccolò Machiavelli)
from The Prince

“Usually those who have limited understanding think they know more, and those who have no brains, think they know everything.”

Giordano Bruno 1548 – 1600 CE

Themes: Opinion Illusion

65. Simplicity: the Hidden Power of Goodness

“Human understanding is like a false mirror, which, receiving rays irregularly, distorts and discolors the nature of things by mingling its own nature with it.”

Francis Bacon 1561 – 1626 CE via David Mitchell

Themes: Illusion

“The fool doth think he is wise, but the wise man knows himself to be a fool.”

William Shakespeare 1564 – 1616 CE
from As You Like It

Themes: Wisdom Illusion

67. Three Treasures

“All the world's a stage,
And all the men and women merely players;
They have their exits and their entrances;
And one man in his time plays many parts.”

William Shakespeare 1564 – 1616 CE
from As You Like It

57. Wu Wei

“All fools are fully convinced and everyone fully convinced is a fool.”

Balthasar Gracian 1601 – 1658 CE via Joseph Jacobs
from Art of Worldly Wisdom

65. Simplicity: the Hidden Power of Goodness

“Things pass for what they seem, not for what they are.”

Balthasar Gracian 1601 – 1658 CE via Joseph Jacobs, chapter #99
from Art of Worldly Wisdom

Themes: Illusion

“Human life is thus only an endless illusion. Men deceive and flatter each other. No one speaks of us in our presence as he does when we are gone. Society is based on mutual hypocrisy.”

Blaise Pascal 1623 – 1662 CE
One of the greatest French writers of all time

Themes: Illusion Lies

“There is in the universe no chaos, no confusion save in appearance.”

Leibniz 1646 – 1716 CE
(Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz)

“Illusion is the first of all pleasures.”

Voltaire, François-Marie Arouet 1694 – 1778 CE

Themes: Pleasure Illusion

“He wished to please everybody; and, having little to give, he gave expectations.”

Benjamin Franklin 1706 – 1790 CE
from Poor Richard's Almanack

Themes: Illusion

48. Unlearning

“Truth has to be repeated constantly, because Error also is being preached all the time, and not just by a few, but by the multitude… happy and comfortable in the knowledge of having Majority on its side.”

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 1749 – 1832 CE

Themes: Illusion

41. Distilled Life

“Those who regard universal suffrage as a guarantee for good choices are under a complete illusion. Universal suffrage has other advantages, but not that one.”

Alexis de Tocqueville 1805 – 1859 CE
Pioneering researcher into the conflicts between freedom and equality

Themes: Illusion

“All that we see or seem is but a dream within a dream.”

Edgar Allan Poe Edgar Allen Poe 1809 – 1849 CE

Themes: Dream Illusion

13. Honor and Disgrace

“The common eye sees only the outside of things, and judges by that, but the seeing eye pierces through and reads the heart and the soul, finding there capacities which the outside didn't indicate or promise, and which the other kind of eye couldn't detect.”

Mark Twain 1835 – 1910 CE
(Samuel Langhorne Clemens)
America’s most famous author

Themes: Illusion

57. Wu Wei

“Things are seldom what they seem, Skim milk masquerades as cream…”

W. S. Gilbert 1836 – 1911 CE
Innovative, influential, inspiring dramatist

from H.M.S. Pinafore, 1878

“People don't want to hear the truth because they don't want their illusions destroyed.”

Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 – 1900 CE

Themes: Illusion Truth

“Whenever a man does a thoroughly stupid thing, it is always from the noblest motives.”

Oscar Wilde 1854 – 1900 CE
from Picture of Dorian Gray

Themes: Illusion

“Science is no illusion. But it would be an illusion to think that we can get elsewhere what science cannot give.”

Sigmund Freud 1856 – 1939 CE

Themes: Illusion Science

“The single biggest problem in communication is the illusion that it has taken place.”

George Bernard Shaw 1856 – 1950 CE
UK playwright second only to Shakespeare

“of all the illusions that beset mankind, none is quite so curious a that tendency to suppose that we are mentally and morally superior to those who differ from us in opinion.”

Elbert Hubbard 1856 – 1915 CE
from A Thousand and One Epigrams

Themes: Illusion

“The judgements of value made by mankind are attempts to prop up their illusions with arguments.”

Sigmund Freud 1856 – 1939 CE
from Civilization and its Discontents, 1930​

Themes: Illusion

“Fortunately, some are born with spiritual immune systems that sooner or later give rejection to the illusory worldview grafted upon them from birth through social conditioning.”

Henri-Louis Bergson 1859 – 1941 CE

“In the spring a young man’s fancy turns … pretty fancy.”

Dean Inge 1860 – 1954 CE
Christian mystic and philosopher

Themes: Illusion Illusion

“In the spring a young man’s fancy turns … pretty fancy.”

Dean Inge 1860 – 1954 CE
Christian mystic and philosopher

Themes: Illusion Illusion

“To be bewitched is not to be saved, though all the magicians and aesthetes in the world should pronounce it to be so.”

Santayana, George 1863 – 1952 CE
(Jorge Agustín Nicolás Ruiz de Santayana y Borrás)
Powerfully influential, true-to-himself philosopher/poet
from The Life of Reason

Themes: Illusion

“Love is a striking example of how little reality means to us.”

Marcel Proust 1871 – 1922 CE
Apostle of Ordinary Mind
from In Search of Lost Time

Themes: Love Illusion

“The whole problem with the world is that fools and fanatics are always so certain of themselves, and wiser people so full of doubts.”

Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 CE
“20th century Voltaire”

“What philosophy should dissipate is certainty, whether of knowledge or ignorance.”

Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 CE
“20th century Voltaire”
from Autobiography of Bertrand Russell

14. Finding and Following the Formless Form

“If no one else, the dying must notice how unreal, how full of pretense, is all that we accomplish here, where nothing is allowed to be itself.”

Rainer Maria Rilke 1875 – 1926 CE
Profound singer of universal music

“The human merry-go-round sees many changes: the illusion that cost India the efforts of thousands of years to unmask the same illusion the the West has labored just as hard to maintain and strengthen.”

Hermann Hesse 1877 – 1962 CE
from Steppenwolf

Themes: Illusion Hinduism

“One of the worst illusions we have is thinking that negative emotions are produced by circumstances. All negative emotions come from within us, not from an external source.”

Ouspensky Пётр Демья́нович Успе́нский 1878 – 1947 CE
(Pyotr Demianovich Ouspenskii)

“Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.”

Albert Einstein 1879 – 1955 CE

Themes: Reality Illusion

58. Goals Without Means

“Successfully (whatever that may mean) or unsuccessfully, we all overact the part of our favorite character in fiction.”

Aldous Huxley 1894 – 1963 CE

Themes: Success Illusion

57. Wu Wei

“There is no birth there is no death… it’s all a concept, it’s all an illusion.”

Nisargadatta Maharaj 1897 – 1981 CE via Maurice Frydman
Householder guru of non-duality
from I Am That

“Psychoactive drugs may produce religious experiences. ...it is far less clear that they can produce religious lives.”

Huston Smith 1919 – 2016 CE

Themes: Illusion Medicine

Plato described ordinary life as unthinking, lived in a dim cave of shadowy reflections, but said that it is possible to leave the cave and see things in sunlit clarity as they actually are.”

Huston Smith 1919 – 2016 CE
from World's Religions

“A man’s fate is a man’s fate and life is but an illusion.”

James Clavell 1921 – 1994 CE
Fictionalizing and fictional historian
from Shōgun, 1975

“Sports are another example of the indoctrination system because it offers people something to pay attention to that's of no importance, that keeps them from worrying about things that matter to their lives, that might give them some idea of doing something about.”

Noam Chomsky 1928 CE –
from Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media

Themes: Illusion

“We take a handful of sand from the endless landscape of awareness around us and call that handful of sand the world.”

Robert M. Pirsig 1928 – 2017 CE
from Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

“The message of television as metaphor is not only that all the world is a stage but that the stage is located in Las Vegas… the nature of the medium is that it must suppress the content of ideas in order to accommodate the requirements of visual interest, the values of show business.”

Neil Postman 1931 – 2003 CE
from Amusing Ourselves to Death

“One of humanity’s most persistent and damaging illusions is that happiness and suffering are caused by external factors.”

Shan Dao 山道 1933 CE –

“What if everything is an illusion and nothing exists? In that case, I definitely overpaid for my carpet.”

Woody Allen 1935 CE –

Themes: Illusion

“Meditation in action is… awareness of how we... create our basic perceptions out of our preconceptions… and the games going on do not become big games but simply illusory games.”

Chögyam Trungpa 1939 – 1987 CE
from The Collected Works of Chogyam Trungpa

12. This Over That

“Everybody is a caricature of themselves… as well as everything having its own basic fullness. You represent yourself not by name but by being. So there is a sense of completion.”

Chögyam Trungpa 1939 – 1987 CE
from Illusion's Game

50. Claws and Swords

“Illusion, once you’ve got an illusion going, it can function on the market like any other product. Advanced capitalism churning out goods… give it a pretty name, a pretty package, and you can sell it.”

Haruki Murakami 1949 CE –
from Dance, Dance, Dance

“By looking at things from the point of view of natural selection, we see why the illusion would be built into us, and we have more reason than ever to see that it is an illusion.”

Robert Wright 1957 CE –
from Why Buddhism is True

Themes: Illusion

“This isn't about what is . . . it's about what people think is. It's all imaginary anyway. That's why it's important. People only fight over imaginary things.”

Neil Gaiman 1960 CE –
Myth-transmitting creative maelstrom
from American Gods

Themes: Illusion Conflict

“Like a child at the cinema, we get caught up in the illusion. From this comes all of our vanity, ambition, and insecurity. We fall in love with the illusions we have created and develop excessive pride in our appearance, our possessions, and our accomplishments. It’s like wearing a mask and proudly thinking that the mask is really you.”

Dzongsar Khyentse Rinpoche རྫོང་གསར་ འཇམ་དབྱངས་ མཁྱེན་བརྩེ་ རིན་པོ་ཆེ། 1961 CE –
(Dzongsar Jamyang Khyentse Rinpoche)
"Activity" incarnation of Jamyang Khyentse Wangpo
from What Makes You Not a Buddhist

39. Oneness

“Our ego-mind and emotions are a dramatic illusion… we create elaborate scenarios and then react to them but there is nothing really happening outside our mind.”

Dzigar Kongtrül Rinpoche ཛི་གར་ཀོང་སྤྲུལ། 1964 CE –

Themes: Mind Illusion

20. Unconventional Mind

“People are masks, with masks under those masks, and masks under those, and down you go.”

David Mitchell 1969 CE –

57. Wu Wei

“Naming, even in ridicule, gives what is named substance.”

David Mitchell 1969 CE –
from Thousand Autumns of Jacob de Zoet

Themes: Lies Illusion

1. The Unnamed

“Sadly, the influence of conditioning is so strong that we rarely remember that we can step back. And because our understanding is limited, we mistake the little part we do see for the whole truth.”

Mingyur Rinpoche 1975 CE –
Modern-day Mahasiddha

from Joy of Living, 2007

Themes: Control Illusion