Tao Te Ching

The Power of Goodness, the Wisdom Beyond Words
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Duality and Non-duality

Though thoughts and the thinking process create distinctions and dichotomies, the reality of our experience has a unified wholeness. This separating and defining gives advantage in many practical and important ways but also chains us to extremely limited views. Harmonizing these two qualities may present both the most difficult and most rewarding challenge in our lives.

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Quotes (114)

“Susceptible to the venom of dualistic thought, intellectual minds are poisoned by analysis.”

Dharmapa thos pa’i shes rab bya ba 1
“The Perpetual Student” — Mahasiddha #36

“There was never a time when you and I and all the kings gathered here have not existed and nor will there be a time when we will cease to exist.”

Vyasa व्यास 1
Hindu immortals, Vishnu avatar, 5th incarnation of Brahma
from Mahābhārata महाभारतम्

56. One with the Dust

“The town may be changed but the well cannot be changed. It neither decreases nor increases… Thus the well is the symbol of that social structure which is independent of all political forms… Life is also inexhaustible. It grows neither less nor more; it exists for one and for all.”

Fu Xi 伏羲 1 via Richard Wilhelm, Hexagram 48, "The Well"
Emperor/shaman progenitor of civilization symbol
from I Ching

51. Mysterious Goodness

“Transcending all the categories constructed by mind and seeing into the state of Suchness is the awakened inner consciousness.”

Buddha गौतम बुद्ध 563 – 483 BCE via D. T. Suzuki
(Siddhartha Shakyamuni Gautama)
Awakened Truth
from Laṅkāvatāra Sūtra

“Existence arises from nonexistence, and the Full emerges from the Empty. . . . The Way is the oneness from which all beings arise.”

Wenzi 文子 1
"Authentic Presence of Pervading Mystery.”
from The Wenzi, Wénzǐ 文子

“People have lost sight of the truth by coming to believe in two forms: one with the fire of heaven and light, one the opposite as a dark, heavy night. But in truth, everything at the same time is full of both light and dark, both equal.”

Parmenides 540 – 450 BCE via Shan Dao
Grandfather of Western philosophy
from On Nature

22. Heaven's Door

“God is day and night, winter and summer, war and peace, surfeit and hunger; but he takes various shapes, just as fire, when it is mingled with spices, is named according to the savor of each.”

Heraclitus Ἡράκλειτος 535 – 475 BCE
(of Ephesus, the "Weeping Philosopher")
A Greek Buddha

“Good and bad are the same; goodness and badness are one.”

Heraclitus Ἡράκλειτος 535 – 475 BCE
(of Ephesus, the "Weeping Philosopher")
A Greek Buddha

“Mind began to revolve first from a small beginning; but the revolution now extends over a larger space, and will extend over a larger still... this revolution caused a separating—the warm from the cold, the light from the dark, the dry from the moist...”

Anaxagoras Ἀναξαγόρας 510 – 428 BCE
“The Copernicus and Darwin of his age”

“There are two sides to every question.”

Protagoras 490 – 420 BCE
“The wisest man alive”—Socrates

“The most truthful and capable of giving full realization to their human nature can form a trinity, a union of heaven, earth, and man.”

Zisi 子思 481 – 402 BCE via Daniel K. Gardner, Shan Dao
(Kong Ji or Tzu-Ssu)
Confucius' grandson and early influence on Neo-Confucianism
from Doctrine of the Mean, Maintaining Perfect Balance, Zhongyong 中庸

“The ten thousand things are all within us.”

Mencius 孟子 372 – 289 BCE
from Book of Mencius 孟子

33. Know Yourself

“now here, now there, the vital forces conquer and, in turn, are conquered; with the funeral dirge mingles the wail that babies raise when they reach the shores of light.”

Lucretius 99 – 55 BCE
(Titus Carus)
from De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)

“When the outer has become as the inner, and the lower as the upper, then will this world find peace.”

Jesus 3 BCE – 30 CE via Didymos Thomas
from Gospel According to Thomas

“the kingdom is inside of you, and it is outside of you. When you come to know yourselves, you will realize that it is you who are the sons of the living father. But if you will not know yourselves, you dwell in poverty.”

Jesus 3 BCE – 30 CE

33. Know Yourself

“If you say that the abode of the Gods is in the sky, the birds will arrive there before you. If you say it is in the sea, the fish will arrive there before you. Know that the heavenly realm is both inside you and outside you, and you will know that which is outside by that which is inside.”

Jesus 3 BCE – 30 CE via Didymos Thomas
from Gospel According to Thomas

16. Returning to the Root, Meditation

“Education and study confer no greater benefit than learn to avoid the wildness of extremes.”

Plutarch 46 – 120 CE
(Lucius Mestrius Plutarchus)

58. Goals Without Means

“Ignorance and wisdom are identical, not different.”

Dazu Huike 487 – 593 CE
(Dz Huk)

2. The Wordless Teachings

“Buddha-nature is nonduality.”

Huineng 惠能 638 – 713 CE
(Huìnéng, Enō)
The Sutra of Hui Neng

22. Heaven's Door

“My father is the intrinsic awareness, my mother the ultimate sphere of reality; I belong to the caste of non-duality.”

Padmasambhava པདྨཱ་ཀ་ར། 1
("The Lotus-Born", Guru Rinpoche)

“Realizing the unreality of opposites and the non-existence of relatives like good/bad, love/hate, happy/sad brings deliverance and the wisdom of knowing what to accept and what to reject.”

Hui Hai 大珠慧海 788 – 831 CE via John Blofeld, Shan Dao
from Essential Gate for Entry Into Sudden Enlightenment (Tun-wu ju dao yao-men)

“Innocence is the way to realize non-duality.”

Catrapa ཙ་ཏྲ་པ། 750 – 850 CE via Keith Dowman
("The Lucky Beggar")
Mahasiddha #23
from Masters of Mahamudra

22. Heaven's Door

“Like a clear light, skillful means and wisdom unite in a spontaneous, all-embracing perfection.”

Campaka ཙ་མྤ་ཀ 820 CE – via Keith Dowman, Shan Dao
(“The Flower King”)
Mahasiddha #60

“The Mind is no other than the Buddha, and Buddha is no other than sentient being. When Mind assumes the form of sentient being, it has suffered no decrease; when it has become a Buddha, it has added nothing to itself.”

Huangbo Xiyun 黄檗希运 1
(Huangbo Xiyun, Huángbò Xīyùn, Obaku)

“I beat giving and taking into a unity.”

Ḍeṅgipa ཌེངྒི་པ། 1 via Keith Dowman
(“The Courtesan's Brahmin Slave”)
Mahasiddha #31
from Masters of Mahamudra

8. Like Water

“If you separate compassion and wisdom, you will only be running away from life.”

Kanhapa ནག་པོ་པ། 1 via Shan Dao
("The Dark-Skinned One")
Mahasiddha #17

15. Inscrutability

“We have destroyed all distinctions between samsara and nirvana. We know no separation between self and others.”

Mekhala མེ་ཁ་ལཱ། 1 via Keith Dowman
(“The Elder Severed-Headed Sister” )
Mahasiddha #66
from Masters of Enchantment

“The non duality of all phenomena cannot be found by seeking.”

Kapālapa ཀ་པཱ་ལ་པ། 1 via Keith Dowman, Shan Dao
(“The Skull Bearer”)
Mahasiddha #72
from Masters of Enchantment

“Going from one to two is the origin of all delusion.”

Su Che 呂洞 1039 – 1112 CE via Red Pine
(Su Zhe)
Great writer of the Tang and Sung dynasties
from Tao-te-chen-ching-chu

10. The Power of Goodness

“Discover the source of all duality; nondual space is without substance.”

Mekopa མེ་ཀོ་པ། 1050 CE – via Keith Dowman
("Guru Dread-Stare")
Mahasiddha #43

“Treating all events the same, accustom yourself to non-duality.”

Mekopa མེ་ཀོ་པ། 1050 CE –
("Guru Dread-Stare")
Mahasiddha #43

“Supreme view is beyond all duality of subject and object…
Supreme view is free from reference point.”

Machig Labdrön མ་གཅིག་ལབ་སྒྲོན། 1055 – 1149 CE via Lama Tsultrim Allione

“a radical, refined nondualism that does not grasp at any of the highly subtle distinctions to which our familiar mental workings are prone and which estranges us from our experience.”

Hóngzhì Zhēngjué 宏智正覺 1091 – 1157 CE via Dan Leighton
from Cultivating the Emplty Field

68. Joining Heaven & Earth

“Follow the buddha’s teachings, the dharma’s flowering, and restore reality by cutting off all duality.”

Hóngzhì Zhēngjué 宏智正覺 1091 – 1157 CE
from Cultivating the Emplty Field

“In the morning, greet the energy of the sun; at night, inhale the vitality of the moon.”

Sun Bu'er 1119 – 1182 CE via Thomas Cleary
from Secret Book on the Inner Elixir

“It is only belief in oneself as an island that creates the delusion of others apart and this split is the cause of anxiety.”

Kālapa ཀཱ་ལ་པ། 1 via Keith Dowman
("The Handsome Madman")
Mahasiddha #27
from Masters of Enchantment

67. Three Treasures

“The yang we embrace is one. The yin we turn away from is two. Where yin and yang meet and merge is three.”

Li Xizhai 1 via Red Pine
(Li Hsi-Chai)
from Tao-te-chen-ching yi-chieh

42. Children of the Way

“Clear good and bad are obvious to all but only the wise distinguish them when mixed.”

Sakya Pandita ས་སྐྱ་པཎྜ་ཏ་ཀུན་དགའ་རྒྱལ་མཚན། 1182 – 1251 CE via John T. Davenport, Shan Dao #20
(Kunga Gyeltsen)
from Ordinary Wisdom, Sakya Legshe (Jewel Treasury of Good Advice)

“Moon and clouds are the same; mountain and valley are different. All are blessed; all are blessed. Is this one? Is this two?”

Mumon Ekai 無門慧開 1183 – 1260 CE via Stephen Mitchell
(Wumen Huikai)
Pioneering pathfinder to the Gateless Gate

from The Gateless Gate, 無門関, 無門關

“God turns you from one feeling to another and teaches by means of opposites so that you will have two wings to fly, not one.”

Rumi مولانا جلال‌الدین محمد بلخی 1207 – 1283 CE
(Rumi Mawlānā Jalāl ad-Dīn Muḥammad Balkhī)

“All existence involves contrasting pairs. When one is present, both are present. When one is absent, both are absent.”

Wu Cheng 吴澄 1249 – 1333 CE via Red Pine
"Mr. Grass Hut"

2. The Wordless Teachings

“Everything being encompassed within a supreme state of equalness without bias constitutes the expanse of infinte evenness, which entails no dualistic perception.”

Longchenpa ཀློང་ཆེན་རབ་འབྱམས་པ། 1308 – 1364 CE via Padma Translation Committee
(Longchen Rabjampa, Drimé Özer)
from The Basic Space of Phenomena

“Always choose the lesser evil never imagining that you can decide on a perfectly safe course. You can never avoid one trouble without running into another one.”

Machiavelli 1469 – 1527 CE via W.K. Marriott, Shan Dao
(Niccolò Machiavelli)
from The Prince

“Monarchies quickly becomes Tyrannies, Aristocracies Oligarchies, Democracies degenerate into Anarchy… no precaution can prevent them from sliding into their opposites because of how closely the virtue resembles the vice.”

Machiavelli 1469 – 1527 CE via Shan Dao
(Niccolò Machiavelli)
from Discourses on Livy

18. The Sick Society

“Valor produces peace; peace, repose; repose, disorder; disorder, ruin. From disorder, order springs; from order, valor (virtue).”

Machiavelli 1469 – 1527 CE
(Niccolò Machiavelli)
from History of Florence

“All sciences are only the ordinances and opinions of men, as injurious as profitable, as pestilent as wholesome, as ill as good, in no part perfect, but doubtful and full of error and contention.”

Agrippa 1486 – 1535 CE via Owen
(Heinrich Cornelius Agrippa von Nettesheim)
Historian of the occult and early, important influence on science

“There is as much difference between us and ourselves as there is between us and others.”

Montaigne 1533 – 1592 CE
Grandfather of the Enlightenment

12. This Over That

“To know what truly endures is to know that Heaven and Earth share the same root, that the ten thousand things share one body, and that there is no difference between self and others.”

Deqing 1546 – 1623 CE

16. Returning to the Root, Meditation

“The web of our life is of a mingled yarn, good and ill together: our virtues would be proud if our faults whipped them not; and our crimes would despair, if they were not cherished by our virtues”

William Shakespeare 1564 – 1616 CE
from All's Well That Ends Well

“Happiness is neither within us only, or without us; it is the union of ourselves with God”

Blaise Pascal 1623 – 1662 CE
One of the greatest French writers of all time

“We have neither the true nor the good but in part, and mixed with the false and the evil.”

Blaise Pascal 1623 – 1662 CE
One of the greatest French writers of all time
from Pensées (1669)

“No matter how thin you slice it, there will always be two sides.”

Baruch Spinoza 1632 – 1677 CE

42. Children of the Way

“To every action there is always opposed an equal reaction.”

Isaac Newton 1642 – 1726 CE

“Each simple substance is a perpetual, living mirror of the universe and this interconnection of all created things to each other brings it about that each simple substance has relations that express all the others.”

Leibniz 1646 – 1716 CE
(Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz)

“Arrogance means that one knows how to press forward but not how to draw back… knows something about winning but nothing about losing.”

Kāngxī 康熙帝 1654 – 1722 CE via Jonathan D. Spence
from Emperor of China, Self-Portrait of K'ang-hsi

“Practice contemplation in action by combining flexibility with firmness, solidity with openness, and returning the nonexistent to existence.”

Liu Yiming 刘一明 1734 – 1821 CE via Thomas Cleary, Shan Dao, #53 Gradual Progress
(Liu I-ming)
from Taoist I Ching, , Zhouyi chanzhen 周易闡真

12. This Over That

“the science of fulfilling nature and comprehending life is the great work of appropriating yin and yang, taking over evolution, reversing the process of life and death”

Liu Yiming 刘一明 1734 – 1821 CE via Thomas Cleary
(Liu I-ming)
from Taoist I Ching, , Zhouyi chanzhen 周易闡真

“Nurturing firmness with flexibility, solidity with openness, from striving enter into nonstriving, from effort into spontaneity and practice introspection in action letting true yin and true yang naturally unite.”

Liu Yiming 刘一明 1734 – 1821 CE via Thomas Cleary, Shan Dao, #53 Gradual Progress
(Liu I-ming)
from Taoist I Ching, , Zhouyi chanzhen 周易闡真

“Spirit and matter, soul and body, thought and extension are necessary twin ingredients of the universe, and will be forever with equal rights. Those who do not grasp this and rise to the vision might as well waste away their days with the world's idle gossip.”

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von 1749 – 1832 CE via Shan Dao
from Letter to Knebel, 1812

“The seat of the soul is where the inner world and the outer world meet. Where they overlap, it is in every point of the overlap.”

Novalis 1772 – 1831 CE

39. Oneness

“In the human mind, one-sidedness has always been the rule, and many-sidedness the exception. Hence, even in revolutions of opinion, one part of the truth usually sets while another rises.”

John Stuart Mill 1806 – 1873 CE
from On Liberty, 1859

“Nothing exists in itself… there is no quality in this world that is not what it is merely by contrast.”

Herman Melville 1819 – 1891 CE
from Moby Dick or The Whale

“No man can rise superior to his individual failings without lifting—be it ever so little—the whole body of which he is an integral part.”

Blavatsky, Helena Еле́на Петро́вна Блава́тская 1831 – 1891 CE
Co-founder of Theosophy

“There is an everlasting struggle in every mind between the tendency to keep unchanged, and the tendency to renovate... Our education is a ceaseless compromise between the conservative and the progressive”

William James 1842 – 1910 CE
"Father of American psychology”
from Principles of Psychology, 1890

“The visible world is but man turned inside out that he may be revealed to himself.”

Henry James 1843 – 1916 CE

“There is rarely a degeneration, a truncation, or even a vice or any physical or moral loss without an advantage somewhere else.”

Friedrich Nietzsche 1844 – 1900 CE
from Human All Too Human - A Book for Free Spirits

76. The Soft and Flexible

“Man, too, is an animal with an unmistakable bisexual disposition... the characteristics of what is male and female can only be demonstrated in anatomy, and not in psychology.”

Sigmund Freud 1856 – 1939 CE
from Civilization and its Discontents, 1930

“Dreams show a special tendency to reduce two opposites to a unity or to represent them as one thing.”

Sigmund Freud 1856 – 1939 CE

“Peace will come to the hearts of men when they realize their oneness with the universe. It is every where.”

Black Elk 1863 – 1950 CE
(Heȟáka Sápa)

39. Oneness

“The distinction between words and what they designate is one which it is difficult always to remember... [the confused believe that ] Sentences have subjects and predicates, therefore the world consists of substances with attributes.”

Bertrand Russell 1872 – 1970 CE
“20th century Voltaire”
from Unpopular Essays

“If my devils are to leave me, I am afraid my angels will take flight as well.”

Rainer Maria Rilke 1875 – 1926 CE
Profound singer of universal music

77. Stringing a Bow

“Too much of the animal distorts the civilized man, too much civilization makes sick animals... instincts in their original strength can render social adaption almost impossible.”

Carl Jung 1875 – 1961 CE
Insightful shamanistic scientist
from Two Essays on Analytical Psychology

“We are so greatly tempted to turn everything into purpose and method that I deliberately express myself in very abstract terms in order to avoid causing a prejudice in one direction or another.”

Carl Jung 1875 – 1961 CE
Insightful shamanistic scientist

70. Inscrutable

“If you go to thinking take your heart with you. If you go to love, take your head with you. Love is empty without thinking, thinking hollow without love.”

Carl Jung 1875 – 1961 CE via Sonu Shamdasani
Insightful shamanistic scientist
from Red Book, Liber Novus

“The union of opposites is not a rational affair, nor is it a matter of will, but a psychic process of development which expresses itself in symbols.”

Carl Jung 1875 – 1961 CE
Insightful shamanistic scientist
from Introduction to Secret of the Golden Flower

“in perpetual conflict for possession of the world: force and justice, tyranny and freedom, superstition and knowledge; the law of permanence and the law of change, of ceaseless fermentation issuing in progress.”

Thomas Mann 1875 – 1955 CE
Deep, psychologically insightful author
from The Magic Mountain (1924)

“The unification of the teacher and disciple affirms the essence of all aspects of evolution.”

Helena Roerich Елéна Ивáновна Рéрих 1879 – 1955 CE

“A human being is a part of the whole called by us universe, a part limited in time and space. He experiences himself, his thoughts and feeling as something separated from the rest, a kind of optical delusion of his consciousness. This delusion is a kind of prison for us, restricting us to our personal desires and to affection for a few persons nearest to us.”

Albert Einstein 1879 – 1955 CE

68. Joining Heaven & Earth

“In the particular is contained the universal.”

James Joyce 1882 – 1941 CE

34. An Unmoored Boat

“My struggle to make a synthesis of these two antagonistic impulses has lent purpose and unity to my life... the visible world round about fell into order and my inner and outer lives made peace with each other.”

Nikos Kazantzakis 1883 – 1957 CE
from Report to Greco

“Dualism... Without it there can hardly be good literature. With it, there most certainly can be no good life.”

Aldous Huxley 1894 – 1963 CE
from Island

39. Oneness

“Everything is known through its opposite.”

Dane Rudhyar 1895 – 1985 CE
( Daniel Chennevière)
Agent of cultural evolution

“The ultimate way of Being lies beyond all contradictory pairs of opposites with which our two dimensional thinking mind operates. As soon as we are successful in silencing the restless activity of the thinking mind and give a chance to intuition, the pure all embracing spirit in us will manifest effortlessly.”

Anagarika​ (Lama) Govinda 1898 – 1985 CE
(Ernst Hoffmann)
Pioneer of Tibetan Buddhism to the West

“By admitting the conception of goodness, you are simultaneously creating a conception of badness.”

Arthur Waley 1899 – 1969 CE
from The Way and its Power

2. The Wordless Teachings

“What makes the desert beautiful,' said the little prince, 'is that somewhere it hides a well...’”

Antoine de Saint-Exupéry 1900 – 1944 CE

16. Returning to the Root, Meditation

“As long as you are concerned about what you do, this is dualistic… If you are not concerned about what you do… When you sit, you will sit. When you eat, you will eat. That is all… your mind pervades your whole body.”

Shunryu Suzuki Roshi 1904 – 1971 CE

23. Nothing and Not

“A constant image is the conflict of the eagle and serpent. The serpent bound to earth, the eagle in spiritual flight… when the two amalgamate, we get a wonderful dragon, a serpent with wings.”

Joseph Campbell 1904 – 1987 CE
Great translator of ancient myth into modern symbols
from Power of Myth

“Be like a child who draws things whether they are good or bad.”

Shunryu Suzuki Roshi 1904 – 1971 CE via David Chadwick
from Crooked Cucumber: the Life and Zen Teaching of Shunryu Suzuki

20. Unconventional Mind

“Relative mind is the mind which sets itself in relation to other things, thus limiting itself. It is this small mind which creates gaining ideas and leaves traces of itself.”

Shunryu Suzuki Roshi 1904 – 1971 CE

58. Goals Without Means

“When looking at the external world as a mirror, we may exclaim with amazement, 'Why, that's me!'”

Alan Watts 1915 – 1973 CE
from Psychotherapy East and West

“What is implied here is nothing less than the healing of the split between the two hemispheres of our brain which have become separated, alienated and at war with each other during the past few thousand years... This verse welcomes the disappearance of all boundaries among art, science, and religion as the walls and premises of every discipline dissolve into a higher consciousness”

Ralph Alan Dale 1920 – 2006 CE
Translator, author, visionary
from Tao Te Ching, a new translation and commentary

1. The Unnamed

“Know that Good and Evil are irrelevant, I and Thou irrelevant, Inside and Outside irrelevant as are Life and Death… Thou art thyself the Tao. Be thou, now, a rock against which the waves of life rush in vain.”

James Clavell 1921 – 1994 CE
Fictionalizing and fictional historian
from Shōgun, 1975

“Catholic Dualism is behind the error of Western Civilization with its war of machines”

Jack Kerouac 1922 – 1969 CE
from Some of the Dharma

“A bad situation is a good situation.”

Seungsahn 숭산행원대선사 1927 – 2004 CE
(Soen Sa Nim)

“The Life I am trying to grasp is the me that is trying to grasp it.”

R. D. Laing 1927 – 1989 CE
from Politics of Experience

“The Tao is that which first lets the light, then the dark; occasions the interplay of the two primal forces so that there is always renewal.”

Philip K. Dick 1928 – 1982 CE
Legendary consciousness provocateur
from Man in the High Castle,

“The way to solve the conflict between human values and technological needs is not to run away from technology but to break down the barrier of dualistic thought and understand technology for what it is—a fusion of nature and the human spirit into a new kind of creation that transcends both.”

Robert M. Pirsig 1928 – 2017 CE
from Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance

“Giving up dualistic mind is not like throwing away garbage, or as easy as just saying it... dualistic mind has existed for countless lives, beings obviously have not had any power to give it up. That is why grasping mind exists, which continuously causes suffering.”

Thinley Norbu གདུང་སྲས་ཕྲིན་ལས་ནོར་བུ 1931 – 2011 CE
(Kyabjé Dungse)

“Being in a hospital and sharing a room with others, I found out that each person there became part of me, and there was no imaginable way to isolate myself. There's no way you can close yourself off... because other people are you.”

Jakusho Kwong 1935 CE –
from Mind Following Breath

“We are not saying that the feminine principle belongs to women and the masculine principle belongs to men. Realization does not belong to either sex. Wherever there is a perceiver, that is the masculine principle; wherever there is a perception, that is the feminine principle.”

Chögyam Trungpa 1939 – 1987 CE
from The Collected Works of Chogyam Trungpa

“Spiritual practice is stepping out of the duality of me-ness and my-ness as opposed to otherness, of who is me and who is not me.”

Chögyam Trungpa 1939 – 1987 CE
from Illusion's Game

33. Know Yourself

“He feels the joy and sorrow of love in everything he does. He feels hot and cold, sweet and sour, simultaneously. Whether things go well or things go badly, whether there is success or failure, he feels sad and delighted at once.”

Chögyam Trungpa 1939 – 1987 CE
from Shambhala: The Sacred Path of the Warrior

24. Unnecessary Baggage

“The nonexistence of a dualistic barrier does not quite mean that we are one, but that we are zero.”

Chögyam Trungpa 1939 – 1987 CE
from Journey Without Goal

39. Oneness

“Whenever we cling to a particular side of reality, it’s we who are the monkeys, losing ourselves in outrage or partial delight… when the mind is clear, each is an occasion for rejoicing.”

Stephen Mitchell 1943 CE –
from Second Book of Tao

78. Water

“We know from science that nothing in the universe exists as an isolated or independent entity.”

Meg Wheatley 1944 CE –
Bringing ancient wisdom into the modern world.

“The balance of male and female became a guiding principle in Genghis Khan’s political strategy and tactics, as well as in his spiritual worldview.”

Jack Weatherford 1945 CE –
from Secret History of the Mongol Queens

“The first writer to use the term 'laws of Nature' consistently was René Descartes [who] became the foremost exponent of the new mechanical philosophy... the scientific consequence of his radical dualism”

David Loy 1947 CE –
from A Buddhist History of the West

“Like trees grown together: our roots joined in the dark, our sap intermingled. In this condition, self and other blended like the paints on my palette, their borers ever more indistinct.”

Haruki Murakami 1949 CE –
from Killing Commendatore

“Where there is light, there must be shadow, and where there is shadow there must be light. There is no shadow without light and no light without shadow…”

Haruki Murakami 1949 CE – via Jay Rubin and Philip Gabriel
from 1Q84

“..don't read anything except what destroys the insulation between yourself and your experience...”

Louise Erdrich 1954 CE –

“Separateness is an illusion, what we do to another, we do to ourselves.”

David Mitchell 1969 CE –
from Utopia Avenue

“There is something watching and something being watched—the experience of awareness recognizing itself. When this duality is eliminated, we drop into what we call pure—or non-dual—awareness... minds that are increasingly liberated from habitual reactivity and preconceptions about how things are supposed to be.”

Mingyur Rinpoche 1975 CE –
Modern-day Mahasiddha

from In Love with the World

“Evolution has made Homo sapiens, like other social mammals, a xenophobic creature. Sapiens instinctively divide humanity into two parts, ‘we’ and ‘they’.”

Yuval Harari יובל נח הררי‎ 1976 CE –
Israeli historian, professor, and philosopher

from Sapiens

“We should learn everything and then choose which path to follow. Education is neither Eastern nor Western, it is human.”

Malala Yousafzai ملالہ یوسفزئی 1997 CE –
from I Am Malala: The Story of the Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban

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